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Rotavirus | RSV

Rotavirus

What is it?

Most of the stomach bugs among children are caused by a virus called rotavirus which lives in the intestines of infected people. This virus can be passed on when a healthy person comes into contact with the faeces of an infected person. For example, by waste water that has been poorly treated before drinking or by food that has been handled by hands that have not been washed properly after using the toilet.

How does it spread?

Rotavirus enters the home in or on people or animals. It very rarely arrives in food. Ill people or animals leave the germ in their vomit or faeces. It can then be spread throughout the home via hands, toilet surfaces, nappies, or when people touch surfaces. It can also contaminate food as a result of coming into contact with people's hands, surfaces, cloths and cooking utensils.

Who’s at risk?

Anyone can be infected by Rotavirus and because people develop little lasting resistance to it, they can be infected again in the future. The very young and elderly need particular care, because it is easier for them to become severely dehydrated when infected.

What are the symptoms?

  • Children infected with rotavirus usually develop a mild to moderate fever, vomiting and stomach ache, and a temperature characterised by dry, cool skin.
  • The vomiting and fever go away after a day or two, followed by watery diarrhoea that lasts up to 9 days.
  • Severe dehydration can be a side effect that may require hospital treatment.

Prevent the spread

  • Everyone should wash their hands frequently and thoroughly.
  • Clean hygienically with Domestos Bleach Spray, paying particular attention to toilets, potties and other likely contaminated surfaces.
  • Handle dirty nappies with care and ensure they are disposed of carefully, by putting them in a nappy bag before putting them in a bin-liner. Doing this ensures that any bacteria are less likely to cause further harm. If you use a nappy bin, make sure you use a bleach product such as Domestos Bleach Spray to clean it after use.
  • Keep your toilets hygienically clean with the Domestos Total Toilet Cleaning System and if someone has diarrhoea, make sure you disinfect the toilet after each time they use it.
  • Those caring for sick children should wash their hands thoroughly before preparing food or dealing with other young children.
  • Clean up any spillages of faeces or vomit immediately.
  • Disinfect cleaning cloths by soaking them overnight in a dilute solution of Domestos Extended Germ-Kill, drying them thoroughly.

RSV

What is it?

RSV is a virus that infects the respiratory tract (the airway). This is the most common cause of severe respiratory illness in children under 2 years, and the main cause of them being admitted to hospital with respiratory infection.

How does it spread?

RSV originates and spreads from the respiratory tract of infected people. It is transmitted through droplets in saliva and mucus from coughing or sneezing, entering the body via the nose, mouth or eyes. It can spread from person to person via contaminated hands, frequently touched surfaces, used tissues etc.

Who’s at risk?

Anyone can be infected, but the very young, the elderly and those with weaker immune systems are most at risk. The illness can be very severe in infants and the elderly. All children can contract RSV, however the older the child the milder the infection is likely to be.

What are the symptoms?

  • Cold-like symptoms including a cough and possibly earache.
  • In some cases it can cause severe conditions, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia that may require hospitalisation.

Prevent the spread

  • When someone has a respiratory infection, everyone should wash their hands frequently and avoid touching their eyes, nose and mouth. Vulnerable people should avoid contact with anyone suffering from RSV.
  • Encourage children to cover their mouths when they do cough or sneeze and to wash their hands frequently.
  • You can help prevent the spread of the virus by regularly disinfecting the surfaces that people come into contact using Domestos Bleach Spray.
  • Disinfect cleaning cloths by soaking them overnight in a dilute solution of Domestos Extended Germ-Kill and drying them thoroughly.